Emissions reductions alone are no longer enough.
The IPCC has says we need to strongly begin to remove CO2 from the atmosphere.
Not What You Think
Emissions Reductions Not Enough
Compressed Air Storage
Direct Current Transmission
Plugin Electric Vehicles
Deep Dry Geothermal
Work From Home
Eat Less Beef
Turn Off the Lights
Ride the Bus
Turn off the Coffee Pot
Inflate Your Tires
Ride a Bike
Insulate Your House
Don't Drink the Bottled Water
Plant Native Trees
Shower With a Friend
But Everything Is Not Enough
Not even close
Everything we know how to do, combined,
including planting every piece of dirt on Earth with trees,
is still not enough.
Not Even Close
The Summary for Policy Makers says; "A large fraction of anthropogenic climate change resulting from CO2 emissions is irreversible on a multi-century to millennial time scale, except in the case of a large net removal of CO2 from the atmosphere over a sustained period.”
Ten to 20 Gigtons CO2 removal, by 2050 and 2100 are required, in addition to net zero
Only a Small Fraction of What is Required
A "large net removal" according to the IPCC is "largely" more than 100 percent emissions reductions.
In other words, we must remove carbon from our atmosphere in an amount that "strongly" or "largely" exceeds the rate that we are emitting.
They know that a generation of delay has radically altered the science that current policy is based upon, and have made this leap to prepare us to make much greater efforts to keep our climate under control.
Since the early 20th century
For $100 per ton, using technologies developed in World War II, we can remove 100 ppm CO2 from our atmosphere for $21 trillion. This amount of money is equal to about three years of health care expenditures across the globe.
Existing and field proven technologies are being scaled with billions of dollars investment today, because industry understands the science and knows that trillions of dollars of revenues are at stake.
The Costs are Trivial
We spend a half trillion dollars per year across the globe on advertising. In the US, we lose a half trillion dollars per year due to sick days. The annual US military budget is a half trillion dollars, not counting wars. The Clean Air Act cost about a half trillion dollars per year. Agricultural damages from normal, non-climate change weather events every year in the US alone are a half trillion dollars. We spend a half trillion dollars a year across the globe installing toilets and wastewater systems to protect drinking water.
Climate Pollution Control Cannot be Accomplished Without You
The new EPA Clean Power Plan CO2 rules are only 12 percent more stringent than the Kyoto Protocol, yet since 1978 the US has emitted as much carbon dioxide as we emitted in the previous 228 years. Globally since 1984, our civilization has emitted as much carbon dioxide as in the previous 236 years.
Existing Efforts Have not succeeded
$900 Million Annual Climate Change Counter-movement Funding
This extraordinary sum of money does not include hidden Citizens United money. This work looked at charity giving for 118 institutions and think tanks identified as contributing to what these researchers are calling the climate change counter-movement. This is why traditional science outreach has failed so miserably with the climate change issue, and why climate science is so mistrusted when all other sciences continue to be trusted as we have always trusted them.
Drexel and Stanford Research
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